Sebastien Huot

This project involved the use of field mapping and surveying, cosmogenic nuclide 10Be dating, and tephra correlation to determine the stratigraphy, paleo-long profiles, and chronological framework of a suite of piedmont river terraces formed by one of the major rivers draining the southern central Andes. Currently, her work focuses on luminescence dating of geologic materials for landscape evolution and surface process research questions. She is also interested in graphic design and illustration for science purposes and offers these services acrossDRI. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. These cookies do not store any personal information. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies.

Lowland River Terraces

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The timing of the onset of incision and the rate incision then proceeds at is poorly constrained due to the difficulties in dating river terraces. This study applies the.

Laboratory manager for the optically stimulated luminescence dating OSL and environmental gamma spectrometry labs. Research contributions: Peer-reviewed papers. Frouin, M. An improved radiofluorescence single-aliquot regenerative dose protocol for K-feldspars. Quaternary Geochronology. Poujol, A. A new insight from the Holocene deformations observed along the Southern Rif front.

Ritz, J. Quaternary International ,

Researchers determine age for last known settlement by a direct ancestor to modern humans

Ji jun li. Fashion stopped for a visit the yellow river terraces: quaternary river arun, china: l. Dating of Read Full Article role of ohakea terrace sequence of optically-stimulated luminescence dating methods has a framework to the geomorphology of the french western iberia. While the lower terraces within one fluvial system in step 2 of the aeolian loess that arises from azmaka bulgaria has helped to provide a.

10Be dating of river terraces of Santo Domingo river, on the Southeastern River terraces are landforms underlain by alluvial deposits, located on the flanks of.

All publications more feeds DOI: BibTeX file. This paper deals with the analysis of hillslope sediments and of fluvial terraces and how they are used as paleoenvironmental archives for obtaining new information on the landscape evolution in a small dry valley in the headwaters of the Main River in northern Bavaria, Germany. Both, traditional geomorphologic approaches, such as field observations and qualitative petrographic analyses of fluvial gravels, and modern numerical dating techniques, are applied.

Qualitative petrographic analyses were used as a tool to identify the origin of fluvial terrace gravels and to draw conclusions on the genesis of the particular terrace aggradation. Information on the paleoenvironmental conditions of the research area are drawn from the malacological analysis of a unique community of fossil terrestrial mollusks with a surprising variety of species, so far not reported for the region of northern Bavaria. The presented results indicate that fluvial systems have always to be considered as individuals, responding in a very specific way to changes in environmental conditions and reflecting the unique settings of the investigated catchment.

How climatic change impacts on river erosion

The Yellow River, well-known for its tremendous sediment load, originates from the northeast of the Tibetan Plateau, and flows eastwards to the Bohai Sea. As one of the longest rivers in the world, the evolution of the Yellow River is a very interesting topic for Chinese geomorphologists. River terraces provide compelling evidence to understand the evolution history of rivers Bridgland and Westaway, ; Vandenberghe, The Yellow River terraces in the Jinshaan Canyon have been widely investigated, and dated mainly using luminescence techniques and palaeomagnetic dating method Cheng, et al.

blown down by the winds of radiocarbon dating. gists to look for relic lake levels and now-dry river terraces – scars left on the landscape from those times in the.

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All publications more feeds DOI: BibTeX file. Fluvial terraces are widespread geomorphic features, which formed dominantly during the Quaternary. Besides tectonics, the formation of Quaternary fluvial terraces is related to paleoclimatic changes and corresponding changes in fluvial discharge and sediment load. However, within the Pleistocene, the exact timing and the paleoenvironmental conditions for terrace formation are still under debate and traditional concepts are questioned.

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Enter your mobile number or email address below and we’ll send you a link to download the free Kindle App. Then you can start reading Kindle books on your smartphone, tablet, or computer – no Kindle device required. Thermoluminescence TL , Optically Stimulated Luminescence OSL and Electron Spin Resonance ESR dating, collectively known as Luminescence dating has emerged as a technique by itself to directly determine the age not only of ancient pottery, bricks and terracotta but also the burial age of the main mineral constituents in unheated Quaternary Sediments.

Luminescence dating has a proud history of association with archaeology, beginning almost more than half a century ago. Even since the pioneering work of Farrington Daniels University of Wisconsin, USA who in early suggested the possibility of using TL to date geological and archaeological age. Fluvial deposits and landforms are important archives of river response to climate, tectonics and base level change and are commonly associated with archaeological sites.

Unlike radiocarbon dating, the target material for luminescence dating sands and silts is nearly ubiquitous in fluvial deposits and the age range for luminescence spans the last glacial — interglacial cycle, a time period of interest to many Quaternary scientists. Recent advances in luminescence dating techniques and the development of single-grain in the case of OSL dating capabilities have now allowed fluvial deposits, and other deposits commonly afflicted with incomplete zeroing of the luminescence signal, to be dated.

The application of luminescence dating to fluvial deposits is discussed with respect to its potential to provide important contributions to research in the fields of geomorphology, palaeo-seismology and archaeology. It is very important to date the formation ages of terraces, because a terrace surface is a good datum of cart for evaluation of fault activity and uplift-subsidence.

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The Osip-cheon River flows along a linear valley that runs approximately parallel to the Osip-cheon Fault. The present study was undertaken to.

Numerical Modeling: In this this study, we developed a new method to track landscape change in numerical models using a vector-based tracking method, rather than the more typical method of a grid which biases simulation results. In Limaye and Lamb [], we demonstrate the utility of the new framework for three topics of relevance to reservoir exploration: 1 floodplain evolution with sand, mud and variable bank heights; stratigraphic architecture of stacked channel bodies; and the evolution of bedrock river valleys.

In Limaye and Lamb [], we explore the key parameters that control whether incising meandering rivers bevel wide valleys with terraces or become entrenched into canyons. Finally in Limaye and Lamb [in review, Journal of Geophysical Research], we show that terrace formation regularly occurs by meandering rivers in the absence of external changes in climate or tectonics Fig.

We explore the frequency and geometry of autogenic terraces and discuss how they may overlap and be distinguished from climate-change driven terraces Fig 2. Example numerical simulation where river terraces are highlighted in color in planview left and appear as benches stranded above the valley floor in cross section right. These terraces formed in the absence of external perturbations in climate and tectonics.

Dating of Past Alpine Fault Rupture in South Westland

View interactive map of Broad Landscape Types. Flat, narrow m floodplains merging with the gently rolling topography of the wider vale or fringed by steep-sided bluffs. Rivers are meandering with alternating shallow, quick flowing riffles and broader slow moving reaches.

U / Th dating of speleothems and Ardenne rivers incision: the example of the Lomme river in front of Rochefort fluctuates near the present alluvial terrace at.

Lithosphere ; 10 5 : — River incision results from interactions among tectonics, climate change, and surface processes, and yet the role of each process operating at different time scales remains poorly understood. In this study, we address this issue by reconstructing the late Quaternary spatiotemporal variation of aggradation and incision rates along the Lancang River Upper Mekong River in southeast Tibet. Our work combined field observations, topographic data analysis, and optically stimulated luminescence OSL and cosmogenic radionuclide CRN dating of geologically well-defined fluvial terrace deposits, and it reveals five levels of fluvial terraces with strath heights up to — m and a km-wide knickzone along the Lancang River.

The terrace-derived incision rates since the late Pleistocene from this study are more than an order of magnitude higher than the existing landscape-scale erosion rates derived from both thermochronological dating of bedrock bounding the river valley at million-year scales and cosmogenic nuclide concentrations of river sand at millennial scales.

These findings imply decoupling of hydrologically induced river incision rates since the late Pleistocene from regional erosion rates on million-year and millennial time scales.

Luminescence Chronology of Terrace Development in the Upper Paraná River, Southeast Brazil

This study builds upon previous investigations in order to develop a better chronology of large earthquakes generated by ruptures on the Alpine Fault. Work during the s has established that the Alpine Fault is a major source of potential seismic hazard and incorporation of data from the fault into seismic hazard maps has greatly changed the perception of earthquake hazard in the South Island. The Alpine Fault is a major potential seismic hazard throughout the South Island.

Although this work has advanced our knowledge of the fault history, the questions raised at the start still require further research.

Therefore, glacial sediments are thin and terraces developed over the estimate of 10, years, which is based on radiocarbon dating

Terraces can be formed in many ways and in several geologic and environmental settings. By studying the size, shape, and age of terraces, one can determine the geologic processes that formed them. River terraces can be influenced by one or both of these forcing mechanisms and therefore can be used to study variation in tectonics, climate, and erosion, and how these processes interact. Long-lived river fluvial systems can produce a series of terrace surfaces over the course of their geologic lifetime.

When rivers flood , sediment deposits in sheets across the floodplain and build up over time. Later, during a time of river erosion, this sediment is cut into, or incised , by the river and flushed downstream. The previous floodplain is therefore abandoned and becomes a river terrace. A river terrace is composed of an abandoned surface, or tread, and the incised surface, or riser.

The ages of incision and flooding aggradation can have different interpretations for each fluvial system, where each region may respond independently to external variation.

Staff Profile

Vertical velocities obtained from uplifted river terrace dating near mountain fronts are commonly converted into overthrusting slip rates assuming simple geometry of the fault at depth. However, the lack of information on the dip angle of these shallow structures can lead to misinterpretation in the accommodation of convergence, and thus to erroneous conclusions on the transfer of shortening to the emergent thrust faults.

Here, to assess the impact of fault geometry, we focus on the eastern Himalayan region in the south Central Bhutan, where the topographic frontal thrust TFT has been already documented by GPS, paleoseismic, geomorphic and geological studies. This study is based on high-resolution near-surface geophysical investigations, including electrical resistivity, seismic and gravity measurements. Using a similar stochastic inversion approach for all data sets, new quantitative constraints on both fault geometry and petrophysical parameters are obtained to image shallow depths, in the upper ca.

This suggests that, in the study area, significant deformation partitioning on several faults including TFT and the Main Boundary Thrust cannot be ruled out.

cosomogenic radionuclide technique for dating fluvial terraces along Wind River,. Wyoming. Reneau () concluded that the Late Quaternary formation of.

This paper presents the first comprehensive Optically Stimulated Luminescence dating programme from a sequence of Pleistocene river terraces in the Avon valley Wiltshire-Hampshire-Dorset , southern Britain. These results offer the most complete chronometric framework for Pleistocene landscape evolution and Palaeolithic occupation in the Avon valley, allowing for the first time: 1 an assessment of the timing of terrace formation and landscape evolution, 2 the dating of hominin presence in the area, and 3 an investigation of the relationship between terrace formation and Quaternary climatic change.

Analysis of 25 samples collected from terraces 10 and 7 to 4 show that the middle Avon terraces formed in response to the main Pleistocene climatic oscillations Marine Isotope Stages MIS 10, 8, 6 and that fluvial mechanisms changed through time, resulting in three different types of terrace architecture. The highest and oldest deposits are compound terraces deposited during the Early Pleistocene before the Mid Pleistocene Transition. The middle reach of the valley is characterised by well-developed strath terraces overlain with thick fluvial deposits, reflecting the greater degree of incision in response to the increased amplitude of climate cycles in the Middle Pleistocene.

The youngest deposits in the confined modern floodplain represent cut-and-fill terraces deposited after MIS5e. The results indicate that the two main Palaeolithic sites in the area, Milford Hill and Woodgreen, date to between at least MIS 10 and 8 with a pre-MIS 10 human occupation at a third main site at Bemerton. This is significant because the sites date to a period previously associated with a decline in hominin presence in Britain.

The dating of the Avon valley terrace sequence highlights the complex nature of terrace formation during the Pleistocene and the need to critically reassess the chronological understanding of these fluvial archives in southern Britain. This research demonstrates that with a detailed and multidisciplinary approach shifts in hominin landscape use can be discovered, providing new information on hominin behavioural change during the Pleistocene.

Pleistocene landscape evolution in the Avon valley, southern Britain: Optical dating of terrace formation and Palaeolithic archaeology Proceedings of the Geologists’ Association IF 1.

G22-Fluvial Erosional Landforms upsc ias-Downcutting, Lateral Erosion, Meander,Terraces etc